Plagiarism and Retraction
Given the importance of the journal archive as a permanent record of published research, the published research must remain on the journal’s website and not modified as much as possible. However, sometimes the editorial board may take quick procedures to correct published research in the event that the submitted research has any errors. Besides, any research that violates publishing ethics and policies is investigated even if the violation is discovered years after publication, and appropriate legal procedures are taken accordingly. Among these procedures are retracting publication or removing the search from the journal’s online database, noting that such circumstances rarely occur. The journal will keep in its archive all its publications, including research that has been withdrawn or removed.
Stopping Publishing Procedures
The procedure of publishing is stopped for the research that has been accepted for publication but has not published yet if it has been discovered that it contains errors or it violates the publication rules such as multiple sending, has plagiarism, or Fraudulent use of data.
In some cases, where the research authors discover that part of the article content may lead to harm, based on their request the defective part could be replaced by a corrected one, and then a link of the republished article with a summary shows the corrected points of the original article.
First: The publication of any scientific research is retracted by placing (RETRACTED) as a red watermark on each page of the retracted article whereas the research remains published on the journal’s website with a mention of that in the first subsequent issue and precedes the search page on the journal’s website on the internet a screen contains the decision of withdrawal and the research link, and this is done in the following cases:
- If it is proved that the researcher's mistake is not intentional, such as errors in classification or data collection, errors in statistical analysis, errors due to a defect in the programs or devices used, etc.
- In the event of a conflict of interest between the authors or the institutions related to the research, or if any member of the research team objected to any issue related to the research team itself, such as writing the names of authors who did not participate in the research or not writing the names of all the authors who participated in the research
- If the researcher asked to withdraw his research as a result of his discovery that there was a scientific error in his research, or in another research that he relied on in his research.
- In the event of publishing the same research in more than one volume or issue due to an unintended mistake from the journal administration, the journal retracts the last published research and writes (DUPLICATE) on it.
Second: The publication of any scientific research is retracted by marking (RETRACTED) as a red watermark on each page of the retracted article, while the research remains published on the journal’s website, with this being mentioned in the next first issue. Also, preceding the research page on the journal's website, a screen contains the decision of withdrawal and the research link. The researcher's name is enrolled in the blacklist in the following cases:
- Submitting a manuscript to more than one journal at the same time.
- Fabrication or manipulation of data
- Stealing the effort of others whether from a published research, a thesis approved by a scientific institution, or by reusing published data without citing its source.
- Submitting an article that has already been published in another language
- Republishing an article or part of it that has already been published.
- Using figures and images without reference to their source or without prior permission from the publisher, even if the image was published in previous research by the same researcher.
- Manipulation of results, distortion of data, and improper use of data analysis methods.
- Conduct a study in an institution or on a sample from a study population without prior permission.
- Using data or results of institutions in writing research papers without the approval of the concerned authorities.
- Deceiving the journal by providing misleading information or data.
- Doing any act that violates the ethics of scientific research.
The published article is withdrawn and removed from the journal’s website and from the online database, and only the title and authors' names are preserved as well as the text is replaced with a screen indicating that the research has been removed for legal reasons, in one of the following cases:
- Issuing a judicial ruling obliges the journal to remove the research
- If the research content causes great danger to society, some individuals, the environment, or if the research information poses a danger to health.
- If the published material is clearly defamatory or violates the law.
- The journal has a good reason to expect harm from the research.